Freedmen’s Bank Records (1865-1874)
Among the most underused bodies of federal records useful for African American genealogical research are the records of the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company. Chartered by Congress in early 1865 for the benefit of ex-slaves, the surviving records relating to the bank and its collapse are a rich source of documentation about the African American family. In an effort to protect the interests of depositors and their heirs in the event of a depositor’s death, the branches of what is generally referred to as the Freedman’s Bank collected a substantial amount of detailed information about each depositor and his or her family. The data found in the files provide researchers with a rare opportunity to document the black family for the period immediately following the Civil War.